Some of the major role of agriculture in economic development of a country are as follows: Agricultural sector plays a strategic role in the process of economic development of a country.
Neolithic Revolution Centres of originas numbered by Nikolai Vavilov in the s. Area 3 gray is no longer recognised as a centre of origin, and Papua New Guinea area P, orange was identified more recently.
At least 11 separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as independent centers of origin. Rice was domesticated in China between 11, and 6, BC with earliest known cultivation from 5, BC,  followed by mungsoy and azuki beans.
Sheep were domesticated in Mesopotamia between 13, and 11, years ago. Sugarcane and some root vegetables were domesticated in New Guinea around 9, years ago. Sorghum was domesticated in the Sahel region of Africa by 7, years ago.
Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 5, years ago,  and was independently domesticated in Eurasia. In Mesoamericawild teosinte was domesticated to maize by 6, years ago. Studies of the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies indicate an initial period of intensification and increasing sedentism ; examples are the Natufian culture in the Levantand the Early Chinese Neolithic in China.
Then, wild stands that had previously been harvested started to be planted, and gradually came to be domesticated. Ploughs appear in pictographs around 3, BC; seed-ploughs around 2, BC.
Farmers grew wheat, barley, vegetables such as lentils and onions, and fruits including dates, grapes, and figs. Farming started in the predynastic period at the end of the Paleolithic, after 10, BC.
Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. Sheep and goats were kept mainly for dairy products. The Mayas used extensive canal and raised field systems to farm swampland from BC. The natives controlled fire on a regional scale to create a low-intensity fire ecology which sustained a low-density agriculture in loose rotation; a sort of "wild" permaculture.
Sinceagriculture in the developed nations, and to a lesser extent in the developing world, has seen large rises in productivity as human labor has been replaced by mechanizationand assisted by synthetic fertilizerspesticides, and selective breeding.
The Haber-Bosch method allowed the synthesis of ammonium nitrate fertilizer on an industrial scale, greatly increasing crop yields and sustaining a further increase in global population.
Pastoralism involves managing domesticated animals. In nomadic pastoralismherds of livestock are moved from place to place in search of pasture, fodder, and water.
This type of farming is practised in arid and semi-arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India. The land is then used for growing crops for several years. When the soil becomes less fertile, the area is then abandoned.
Another patch of land is selected and the process is repeated. This type of farming is practiced mainly in areas with abundant rainfall where the forest regenerates quickly. This type of farming is practiced mainly in highly developed countries. In recent years there has been a backlash against the environmental effects of conventional agriculture, resulting in the organicregenerativeand sustainable agriculture movements.
The growth of organic farming has renewed research in alternative technologies such as integrated pest management and selective breeding.Agricultural output is a component of the GDP of a nation. Industrial (or secondary) sector Industry is the segment of economy concerned with production of goods (including fuels and fertilisers).
The development of agriculture provides necessary capital for the development of other sectors like industry, transport and foreign trade.
In fact, a balanced development of agriculture and industry is the need of the day. In this connection, the Bank considers that there are three types of countries— agriculture-based countries, transforming countries, and urbanised countries—where agricultural development along with the associated industries are ‘essential’ to both higher growth and the poverty reduction.
The Importance of Agriculture. Views. Hence, it aids to create good atmosphere for overall economic development of a country. Therefore, economic development relies on the agricultural growth rate.
Source of Saving. Development in agriculture may also increase savings.
The rich farmers we see today started saving . Discover which countries produce the most agricultural products, which export the most and what is being done to increase production.
industry . Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (constant LCU) Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) Industry (including construction), value added (annual % growth).