Reference List Author, A. OR Retrieved from http: From objects to activists in sexual health.
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APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT Apa reference for doctoral dissertation, underline, or use quotation marks for the title. All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.
Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. Authors' names are inverted last name first ; give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors.
If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author's name.
After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.
Present the journal title in full. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title. Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.
Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections. While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.
Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.If you are working on a DIT doctoral study, please visit our Doctoral Capstone Form and Style page for the doctoral study template, template demonstration video, and other resources.
APA CITATION STYLE. EXAMPLES. based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition, CSB & SJU Reference BF P83 See also the library's Citing Sources and the APA's official site at skybox2008.com This type of footnotes is commonly used by historians.
A number is placed in the text which refers to the footnote at the bottom of the page. The footnote also contains information about the author and the year of . Thesis/Dissertation – APA Reference List Capitalization. The document title is in sentence case – Only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized.
Always capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon or a dash.
The title of the thesis or dissertation is in title case – Each word in the name is capitalized, except for articles (a, an, the), prepositions. (Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page. Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc.
Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized. APA STYLE Reference Formats (revised 16/09/) Important: Effective June 15, , APA style guidelines for electronic resources (section of the Manual, pp.
) changed. Referencing online journal articles and some other materials has.